Author Guidelines

  1. Articles submitted to the Journal should normally be between 3,000 to 7,000 words or between 10-17 pages with single space and should be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 300 words, containing the importance of the topic, the gap between theory and practice or between reality and expectation, or lacks of studies, objectives of the present study, method, findings, and conclusion.
  2. On the abstract, explicitly write in bold: Introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion. 
  3. The Journal operates a peer review process and promotes blind reviewing. To facilitate this process, author’s names (without academic titles), institutional affiliations, and the email address of the corresponding author should appear only on a detachable cover sheet.
  4. Contributor(s) should include a short CV describing his/her/their current position and activities in not more than 80 words.
  5. Articles should be written in English in single space, using Microsoft Word, font size 12, Times New Roman, top and left margin 3 cm, bottom and right margin 2.54 cm, printed in Letters.
  6. Insert a header on even page indicating name of the Journal, Volume, Number, month, and year, and page number of the publication. On odd page, insert the author(s) and a few words of the title of the articles.
  7. Write the main body of the article in 1 column,  use first-line indent of 1 cm, but no indent for first paragraph right after the main title and first paragraph after subheadings.
  8. The title should be less than 12 words, capitalized, centered, with font size 14.
  9. The introduction should be presented in the forms of paragraphs, not pointers, with the proportion of 15-20% of the whole article length.
  10. The method section consists of  description concerning the  research design, data sources, data collection, and data analysis with the proportion of  10-15% of the total article length, all presented in the form of paragraphs.
  11. The findings and discussion section consist of description of the results of the data analysis to answer the research question(s) and their meanings seen from current theories and references of the area addressed. The proportion of  this section is 40-60% of the total article length.
  12. The conclusion section consists of the summary, restatement of  the main findings.
  13. Use only horizontal lines when using tables. Put table number and the title of the table on top of it.
  14. Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
  15. The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.
  16. Citation is done using bracket (last name and year of publication). When the sources are cited verbatim, page number is included (p. 78 or pp. 78-89).
  17. Proofs will be sent to the author for correction, and should be returned to lirejournal.ojs@gmail.com by the deadline given.